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What should we say when we....?
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What should we say when we hear the Adhan?

Allahumma rabba hadhihid-da watit-tammati was-salati-qa imati ati Muhammadan-il-wasilata- wal-fadilata wab'athhu maqamam mahmudan-il-ladhi wa'adtahu
"O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (to prayer) and of the prayer about to be offered, make Muhammad the means (of approach to You on the Day of Judgement), and favour him with excellence, and raise him to the high and praiseworthy position which You have promised him.

The Prophet (S) taught us that Allah will not reject a du'a made between the time of the first and second calls to prayer (the adhan and the iqamah). In order to express thanks to our beloved Prophet (S), we first ask Allah to hounor him; then we may follow this with any other personal prayer of our choice.

What should we say when we enter a mosque?

Allahumma-iftah li abwaba rahmatik
"O Allah! Open for me the gates of Your mercy!"

We go to the mosque to worship Allah, and during our worship we draw nearer to Allah. Saying this prayer reminds us of Allah's great kindness and mercy. If we have been thinking of other things, it helps us turn our attention towards Him as we entr His house of worship.

What should we say when we leave a mosque?

Allahumma inni as'aluka min fadhlik
"O Allah! I seek Your favour."

Even as we ask for Allah's mercy as we enter the mosque, we seek His blessings for our wordly activities as we depart.

What should we say when we mention or hear the Prophet's name?

Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam
"May Allah bless him and grant him peace."

The prophet Muhammad (S) taught, 'Prayer for me, for truly your prayers reach me wherever you are,' and, 'Whoever asks Allah to bless me once will be blessed by Allah ten times.'

What should we say when we study?

Rabbi zidni 'ilma
"O Lord! Increase me in knowledge."

This short prayer from the Qur'an teaches us the great value Islam places on knowledge and learning. We should always do our best to learn as much useful knowledge as we can, and put into practice what we have learnt.

What should we say when we face a problem?

Hasbunallahu wa ni'mal-wakil
"Allah is enough for us, and He is the best Guardian."

Saying this prayer when we are in difficulties reminds us to turn to Allah for help, for He has power over all things. It also strengthens our faith and courage so that we can face our troubles calmly.

What should we say when we are angry?

A'udhu billahi minash-shaytani-rajim
"I seek Allah's protection from the cursed Satan (Shaytan)"

The Prophet (S) said that anger is from Satan (Shaytan), and that Satan (Shaytan) like to see us get angry. Other things we can do to control our anger is to make wudu, to sit down if we are standing, and to lie down if we are sitting.

What should we say when we visit someone who is sick?

La ba'sa tahuran insha' Allah
"Never mind (do not worry); it will purify you (from your sins), Allah-willing.'

Sick people sometimes worry that they might not get better. Even when a person is very ill, the Prophet (S) advised us to try and cheer him up. We can remind him that every illness will purify a Muslim of some of his sins. This is a comforting thought for a sincere believer.

What should we say when we hear of someone's death?

Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji'un
"We belong to Allah and we will return to him."

This short prayer telles us that we all must die one day, and return to our Maker.

What should we say when we pass by a graveyard?

As-salamu 'alaykum ya ahlal-qubur, yagh-firullah lana wa-lakum, antumus-sabiquna wa nahnul-lahiqun
"Peace be with you, O people of the graves! May Allah fogive you and us. You were the first (to die) and we will follow you (sooner or later)

Saying this prayer reminds us that death will come to us all, and we should prepare for it by making the most every day of our lives.

What should we say when we return from a journey?

Ayibuna ta'ibuna abiduna li-rabbina hamidun
"(We) return, repenting, worshipping, and praising our Lord."

When we reach the safety and comfort of home after a long journey, we show our gratitude to Allah, repent of any sins we may have committed during our travels and praise Him for bringing us to our loved ones once again. We also greet our family by saying as-salamu 'alaykum (peace be with you).

What should we say when we go to bed?

Bismik-Allahumma amutu wa ahya
"O Allah, in Your name I live and die."

Another Dua:

Bismika rabbi wada'tu janbi wa bika arfa'ubu, in amsakta nafsi farhamba, wa in arsaltaha fahfazha bima tahfazu bihi ibadak-as-salihin

"In Your name, my Lord, I lay myself down, and in Your name I raise myself. If You keep hold of my soul (when I sleep), then have mercy on it. And if You send it back (to live another day), then protect it as You protect pious servants."

With this prayer, we ask Allah to safeguard our souls in life and death. The prophet (S) also used to recite Surahs (al-Ikhlas, al-Falaq, and al-Nas) before he went to sleep, and would wipe his hands over the front of his body when he had finished.

What should we say after a nightmare or an unpleasant dream?

A'udhu bi kalimatil-lahit-tammati min ghadabi, wa sharri 'ibadihi wa min hamazatish-shaytini wa an-yadurun
"I seek refuge in the perfect words of Allah from His anger and His punishment, from evil of His servants, and from the whispering of devils and from their coming near to me."

Whenever we are in some kind of trouble or facing a crisis, we should always turn to Allah for help. This short prayer is recommended after a nightmare as well as on other occasions.

A prayer for all occasions

Allahumma inni as'aluka fi'lal-khayrat wa-tarkal-munkarat, wa hubbal-masakin, wa-an taghfirali wa-tarhamni...As'aluka hubbaka wa hubba man-yuhibbuka, wa hubba kulli 'amalin yuqarribu ila hubbik

"O Allah, I ask You to help me do what is good and leave what is bad, and to have love for the poor and needy, and I ask You to forgive me and have mercy on me... I ask You for Your love, and for the love of those who love You, and for the love of deeds that will draw me near to Your love."

This is a lovely example of one of the comprehensive prayers taught by the Prophet Muhammad (S), covering many situations in very few words. It shows us how to ask for Allah's mercy, forgiveness and guidance and reminds us of the concern we should have for those less fortunate than ourselves. It also teaches us that one of the best ways to earn Allah's pleasure is by striving to do good deeds and desiring to be in the company of those who do good deeds and by trying to imitate those good people.